We’ve got to admit, traversing the subterranean actually sounds pretty scary, even to the seasoned explorer. Here are some safety pointers that you should follow.
With no or limited form of natural lighting, it can get pretty dark at times. Be sure to bring along at least two sources of waterproof light. In the event an emergency arises, you would at least want to be able to visibly assess the situation.
Never enter the world of the unknown, alone. Certainly, there is an exotic beauty in solitary travel. Yet, with the considerable amount of risk involved in such endeavours, especially in non-commercialised destinations, if you happen to encounter any difficulties, having someone by your side would be critically important. The physical and moral support, could prove to be a crucial difference, between life and death.
Three Points of Contact
On uneven ground, ensure that at least three parts of your body (your limbs), are in steady contact with a secure surface. While it might seem a hassle at times, adopting such a posture could actually save your life. Maintaining three contact placements, allows one to prevent or break a fall, while not limiting manoeuvrability.
In a dark, confined space, where it is sometimes necessary to utilise your senses to move around without harm, it is especially essential to ensure that your head, which houses the human body’s vital organs, is well-protected. Always don a helmet (with mounted lighting, for, well, light), so that the skull is not exposed. And be on the lookout for falling objects!
Even if the surface weather is baking hot, note that in an enclosed environment, temperatures can dip drastically. Be prepared for such a scenario, by bringing along the necessary layers of clothing. Constantly check that your fellow adventurers are not showing any symptoms of hypothermia: shivering, dizziness or a momentary state of confusion. In such cases, immediately halt and seek help or treatment. Warm up the affected person by applying heat to the body’s centre.